meret oppenheim / CH
Meret Oppenheim (born 1913 in Berlin) is a Swiss artist and writer. In 1932 at the age of 18, Oppenheim moved to Paris from Basel. In 1936 she had her first solo exhibition in Basel, Switzerland, at the Galerie Schulthess. In the same year her work was exhibited in a group show at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Her originality and audacity established her as a leading figure in the Surrealist movement. Oppenheim began working as an art conservator in 1944 during an eighteen year long depressive episode. Oppenheim was known for struggling with her awareness of the oppression of women in society. She continued to contribute to Surrealist exhibitions until 1960. In the 1960s Oppenheim distanced herself from the Surrealists. She received the Art Award of the City of Basel in 1975, she won the Berlin Art Prize in 1982 and her works have been shown at Documenta 7 in Kassel. Oppenheim worked in her studio in Bern since 1954 and lived there permanently from 1967 until her death.